Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that normal has an amber color. The average amount of urine excreted in 24 hours is between 5 to 8 cups or 40 and 60 ounces. Chemically, urine is mainly a watery solution of salt and substances called urea and uric acid. Normally, it contains about 960 parts water to 40 parts solid matter. Abnormally, it may contain sugar (in diabetes), albumin (a protein, as in some forms of kidney disease), bile pigments (as in jaundice), or abnormal quantities of one or another of its normal components.
The formation of urine in the body.
Formation of urine begins when the kidney filters unwanted substances from the blood and produce urine to excrete them, this process is known as (ULTRAFILTRATION).
There are three main steps of urine formation, these are;
Selective Reabsorption and
These processes ensure that only waste and excess water are removed from the body.
This is the first step in urine formation.
In this stage, the blood that enters the kidney moves to a special ball of capillaries called the glomerulus. The glomerulus is nestled within a region of the kidney called the Bowman’s Capsule. This is where filtration occurs. As blood is pushed through the tiny capillaries, the high-pressure forces some things to pass through the capillary walls. The walls act as a sieve or a filter to remove water, sugar, salts, amino acids, nitrogenous wastes, and other tiny things that enter the kidney.
In Selective Reabsorption, the filtrate formed from ultrafiltration enters the kidney in the proximal tubule. This region of the kidney is special because many things can be removed from the filtrate. These valuable things are recollected, or reabsorbed, by the body.
Glucose, certain salts, vitamins, hormones, and amino acids are restored to the body and will not be included in the urine. Sometimes, if the body has too much of something then the extra sugar or salt will stay in the filtrate. For example, diabetics with high levels of blood glucose may have glucose in their urine since it cannot all be reabsorbed. The filtrate after reabsorption is like pre-urine
This is the final stage of urine formation.
In this stage, the filtrate enters the Loop of Henle where it gains and loses water and salt. As it leaves the Loop of Henle, it enters the distal tubule, where secretion occurs.
I hope you’ve learned something from what I’ve been explaining so far?
So now we’ll go into the real deal of the day. Urine Colours And What Each Say About Your Health.
You urine colour and smell give you a hint about what is going on inside your body.
A bunch of things in your body, like medications, foods, and illnesses, can affect how your urine turns out.
It may have a variety of colours, it usually ranges from deep amber or honey colour to light straw colour with golden variations in between.
The colour of urine can tell you a lot about your body.
Here is a list of the urine colours and what say about your health.
Transparent or no colour
This indicates that you have been drinking a lot of water and might need to cut down on it.
This indicates that you are normal, healthy and well hydrated.
This indicates that you are normal
This indicates that you are normal but might need to drink some water soon.
This indicates a sign of dehydration4 Deadly Illness Associated With Late Night Eating – Avoid Eating Food Late or a possible sign of liver disease.
This indicates a possible sign of Kidney disease or, Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) or a tumour
Blue or Green
These are probably due to dyes in your food or meds you’ve taken. A possible sign of rare genetic disease if the colour doesn’t go away after a short time.
Can you check for yours there?
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